Discrete and Process Automation

The fusion of the internet of things and 5G networks

07 November 2022
Source: Keysight Technologies

Emerging technologies like the internet of things (IoT), big data and the fifth generation (5G) cellular network have altered the world in the past decade, enabling "anything, anyone, anytime, anyplace" to become a reality. Networking protocols and numerous technologies are employed by IoT to capture and deliver real-world data for usage in IoT applications. Massive amounts of data are generated by these devices, which have increased size, speed, variety, quality and heterogeneity all at the same time. IoT is also being propelled forward by the development of 5G networks. Connecting billions of sensors via the internet is predicted to be possible because of 5G's wider coverage, lower latency, faster throughput and connection density with high bandwidth.

Concept of 5G-IoT

Convergence between intelligence and the internet of things is what 5G IoT is all about. Conventional IoT links devices and processes with the internet and incorporates a huge number of network-connected elements. These linkages can be envisioned in the form of a smart human who aims to construct highly functional gadgets or agents for complex applications like natural language processing, objection recognition and smart control. Such objectives can currently be addressed through the use of machine learning and deep learning.

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Due to advancements in the protocols and standards for data exchange in 5G networks, the "intelligent internet," which straddles the line between the internet and intelligence, has improved its capacity to communicate. It has been argued that millimeter-wave (mmWave), machine-to-machine communications, and massive multiple input-multiple output capabilities can be used to help 5G networks adapt to IoT. As a result, sensor networks that are both homogenous and heterogeneous may link a large number of sensors and contribute greatly to the development of sophisticated and intelligent services for humankind.

Realizing the 5G-IoT

What we're calling the 5G-IoT is a fusion of internet-enabled devices and intelligence, such as object processors, processing centers and sensing zones. Artificial Intelligence technologies are used to help the 5G IoT handle data at the processing center, where data is continually processed in real-time. While connecting sensing areas to these centers, an object processor analyzes unprocessed data from sensing zones and sends it to processing centers as well. In addition, the processing center may provide feedback to the object processor, allowing it to take intelligent action when received. The sensing zones are large sensors that are used to collect raw data.

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This new notion of 5G IoT can not only serve conventional IoT applications but also intelligently automate traditional IoT. The following is a list of potential uses:

  • Smart transport: Data from transportation systems is becoming more and more prevalent as part of big data. Intelligence and reliability enhance transportation systems, which reduces congestion on the roads as well as the costs of fuel and economic losses. Large-scale sensors and monitoring equipment are expected to be installed on everything from cars to trains to the roads and rails in the future 5G era. Traffic congestion, weather and unusual events may all be predicted and reported to drivers via 5G-IoT. It is also being applied to more trafficable applications, such as self-driving and terrorism deterrence.
  • Smart agriculture: Increasing healthy food grain output and preventing crop loss are essential for sustainable development. As a part of the 5G IoT, data gathered by unmanned aerial vehicles and additional sensors are processed and examined in a processing center by artificial intelligence algorithms such as deep learning for image matching, disease detection in plants, texture identification, and categorization of crops, among other applications. In order to determine if crops are healthy or not, the GPS vehicles utilize the evaluated results to determine if they should be fertilized and irrigated.
  • Smart hospitals: The intelligent and autonomous execution of some tasks by the 5G IoT would enhance the condition of human existence. Real-time monitoring of a patient's physiological features is possible, as is the collection of data for processing. Using smart algorithms such as gesture recognition using deep learning, facial recognition, target tracking and similar areas, the processing center can evaluate real-time patient data. A benefit of the 5G IoT is that if irregularities occur, the processing center will instantly activate an alarm to contact physicians and nurses for assistance or to carry out remote therapy.


5G IoT represents a new approach to doing things with the ability to communicate wirelessly and through artificial intelligence technology. There are many potential disciplines and applications that are benefitting from this technology. IoT sensors may now be installed on vast scales and massive amounts of data can be mined using 5G cellular network technologies, which challenges the communications and data mining technologies. It is the goal of 5G IoT to create a world where physical items and information networks are seamlessly connected for a range of uses, such as smart cities.

To contact the author of this article, email engineering360editors@globalspec.com

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