While electric vehicle (EV) ownership has increased in the U.S. during the last decade, range anxiety — the concern about how far an EV can drive on a full charge — remains an issue for current as well as prospective EV owners.
Ongoing improvements in battery technology have more than doubled the average range of EVs over the last decade, according to data from the International Energy Agency.
As of 2021, the average battery-powered EV could travel 217 miles (349 km) on a single charge. It represents a 44% increase from 151 miles (243 km) in 2017 and a 152% increase relative to a decade ago. However, EVs still fall short when compared to gasoline-powered cars. For example, in 2021, the median gas car range (on one full tank) in the U.S. was around 413 miles (664 km) — nearly double what the average EV would cover.
This disparity in performance is expected to dwindle with continued gains in battery capacity and efficiency.
This table shows the 10 longest-range electric cars available in the U.S. as of 2022, based on U.S. Environmental Protection Agency range estimates: