Acquired Electronics360

Data Center and Critical Infrastructure

QNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System Teardown

27 January 2012
The following is an overview of a teardown analysis conducted by IHS Technology Teardown Services.

Overview / Main Features

The QNAP TS-219P II is a desktop, 2-bay, network attached server (NAS). As is the case with all NAS - the NAS is an evolution of the simpler external hard drive for backing up data. NAS are more and more common nowadays for home use and small office environments. This provides a good networked file-sharing solution for Windows, Mac and Linux/UNIX users. The device provides "local backup, remote backup, and cloud backup alternatives.

The main features (per QNAP) include:

Cross-platform Data Sharing Center

Complete Backup Solutions

Personal/Private Cloud Storage

QMobile App for On-the-go Contents Access

2.0 GHz CPU

Energy-efficient & Eco-friendly

The NAS has come a long way from just being a backup drive - as a 'server' these devices definitely fulfill this role, but also can become a central repository for media in the home and can become a central part of a home entertainment network.

From a hardware perspective, this is no longer a simple enclosure with a single very small interface PCB (to bridge SATA to USB) as used to be the case with external hard drive enclosures (in which the hard drive cost contribution far outweighed that of the enclosure and simple supporting circuitry costs. With network attached servers the HDD's still represent a major portion of total cost for a functioning device - but now the enclosure elements and electronics take on larger roles in terms of the cost of ownership.

The QNAP TS-219P II has significant supporting circuitry, and is based on a Marvell Sheeva embedded system on chip processor. The design features a lot of other significant IC content including 4Gbits total of DDR3 SDRAM, a Marvell Ethernet transceiver, as well as a JMC host controller (PCI Express to 2xSATA-II), a Win Win Precision Industrial PCI Express interface IC, and a USB Hub Controller from Genesys Logic.

Also, from an enclosure point of view, these systems feature individual hard drive enclosures that allow the user to swap out drives as needed - but all of the mechanical components needed to do this while maintaining aesthetics add to the mechanical complexity of such NAS devices when compared with simpler 'external drive' enclosures for single drives.

QNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System Main ImageQNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System Main Image

Target Market

Consumers, small offices, and small businesses.

Released

One found press release from May 2009 appears to be the release date.

QNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System - Main PCB TopQNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System - Main PCB Top

Pricing and Availability

Pricing - As low as $299 USD based on a cursory e-tailer web search at the time of writing (December 2011).

Availability - Worldwide assumed

Volume Estimations

For the purposes of this teardown analysis, we have assumed a lifetime production volume of 150K units with a product lifetime of 2 years (75K per year cadence).

As a reminder, teardown volume production assumptions are primarily used for our cost analysis in terms of amortized NRE and tooling costs, especially for custom components specific to the model being analyzed (mechanical components especially). Unless assumed volumes are different by an order of magnitude, minor changes in volume (say 1 million vs. 2) rarely have a large net effect on our final analysis because of this.

QNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System Cost AnalysisQNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System Cost Analysis

Cost Notes

NOTE: This model ships with NO Hard Drive! This model seems far more profitable than the Buffalo unit analyzed in parallel shipping with a single 2TB drive.

Main Cost Drivers Representing ~ 64 % of total materials cost

Marvell - 88F6282-A1-BKI2C200 - Embedded Processor - SoC, Marvell Sheeva A?RMv5TE-Compliant CPU Core, 2.0GHz, 256KB L2 Cache - (Qty:1)

YS PCB Technology Co., Ltd - - 6-Layer - FR4, Lead-Free - (Qty:1)

Delta Electronics - DPS-60PB A - AC Adapter - 12V, 5A, 60W, w/ 4ft Cord, w/ Ferrite Core - (Qty:1)

Hynix - H5TQ1G83TFR-H9C - SDRAM - DDR3-1333, 1Gb, 1.5V - (Qty:4)

Enclosure, Main, Right - Injection Molded Plastic, Painted - (Qty:1)

Enclosure, Main, Left - Injection Molded Plastic, Painted - (Qty:1)

Main Cage - Stamped / Formed Electro-Galvanized Steel, w/ 4 Pressed-In Threaded Inserts - (Qty:1)

HDD Bay - Injection Molded Plastic - (Qty:2)

AVC - DS07025B12M - Fan - DC Brushless, 12V, 0.4A, w/ Integral 4 26AWG Discrete Wires & 4-Position Pin Socket - (Qty:1)

Micron Technology - M25P128VMF6P - Flash - NOR, 128Mb, SPI - (Qty:1)

Total BOM & Manufacturing Costs (Direct Materials + Conversion Costs) $74.50

What Is Not Included in our Cost Analysis

The total materials and manufacturing costs reported in this analysis reflect ONLY the direct materials cost (from component vendors and assorted EMS providers), AND manufacturing with basic test. Not included in this analysis are costs above and beyond the material manufacture of the core device itself - cost of intellectual property, royalties and licensing fees (those not already included into the per component price), software, software loading and test, shipping, logistics marketing and other channel costs including not only EMS provider and the OEM's margin, but that of other resellers. Our cost analysis is meant to focus on those costs incurred in the manufacture of the core device and exceptionally in some circumstances the packaging and literature as well.

Manufacturing Notes

EMS Partners

Unknown

Country of Origin / Volume Assumptions

Based on markings, the unit was assembled in Taiwan. Furthermore, we have assumed that custom mechanicals (plastics, metals, etc. were sourced in Taiwan.

Country of origin assumptions relate directly to the associated cost of manufacturing, where calculated by iSuppli. In the cases of 'finished' sub-assemblies (such as a wall adaptor charger), we do not calculate internal manufacturing costs, but rather assess the market price of the finished product in which case country of origin assumptions may or may not have a direct effect on pricing.

Remember also that labor rates are applied directly only to hand inserted components and systems in our bill of materials, and although regional assumptions do, these new rates do not have a direct effect on our modeled calculations of placement costs for automated SMD assembly lines. ""Auto" inserted components (such as SMT components) placement costs are calculated by an iSuppli algorithm which allocates a cost per component based on the size and pincount of the device. This calculation is affected by country or region of origin as well.

QNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System - Main PCB BottomQNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System - Main PCB Bottom

Design for Manufacturing / Device Complexity

The total component count of the QNAP TS-219P II is740 components (excluding box contents). As a point of reference, the Buffalo CS-WX2.0/1D, analyzed in parallel with this device, comes in at 545 components (excluding box contents). This is a result of a higher feature set and also a design that fetches a higher price in the market for those features.

Component counts have a direct bearing on the overall manufacturing cycle times and costs, and also can increase or decrease overall yields and re-work. Our calculations of manufacturing costs factor counts and more qualitative complexities in the design.

Note that manual labor has a much smaller effect on auto-insertion assembly lines (for the Main PCB, for example), where manufacturing costs are much more capital equipment intensive and driven by these investment costs.

Design Notes

The QNAP TS-219P II has significant supporting circuitry, and is based on a Marvell Sheeva embedded system on chip processor. The design features a lot of other significant IC content including 4Gbits total of DDR3 SDRAM, a Marvell Ethernet transceiver, as well as a JMC host controller (PCI Express to 2xSATA-II), a Win Win Precision Industrial PCI Express interface IC, and a USB Hub Controller from Genesys Logic.

Here is a summary of the major (non mechanical and electro-mechanical) components used in the QNAP TS-219P II Network Attached Server:

Main PCB

Processing

Marvell - 88F6282-A1-BKI2C200 - Embedded Processor - SoC, Marvell Sheeva A?RMv5TE-Compliant CPU Core, 2.0GHz, 256KB L2 Cache

Memory

(x4) Hynix - H5TQ1G83TFR-H9C - SDRAM - DDR3-1333, 1Gb, 1.5V

I/O & Interface

Marvell - 88E1318-NNB2 - Ethernet Transceiver - Gigabit, Single Port, 10/100/1000BASE-T, Support RGMII

JMC - JMB362 - Host Controller - PCI Express to 2x SATA-II, 0.18um

Genesys Logic - GL850G-HH1G - USB Hub Controller - USB 2.0, On-Chip 8-bit Microprocessor, Integrated USB 2.0 Transceiver

Microchip - PIC16F690-I/SS - Microcontroller - 8-Bit, 8KB Flash, 256B RAM, 256B EEPROM, 18 I/Os, 12-Channel 10-Bit ADC, w/ NanoWatt Technology

QNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System - Box ContentsQNAP TS-219P II Turbo NAS System - Box Contents



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