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Data Center and Critical Infrastructure

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade Teardown

28 January 2009
The following is an overview of a teardown analysis conducted by IHS Technology Teardown Services.

Overview / Main Features

The HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 is a double density (2 server boards in 1 enclosure) c-Class server blade available within the ProLiant line of server blades. The BL2x220c features 2 sets of motherboards featuring Intel 5100 chipset and a Broadcom BCM5715 ethernet controller.

Per HP's product literature:

"Performance

  • Up to two Intel® Xeon® 5400 Series Quad Core CPUs per server node
  • x8 Mezzanine per server node for I/O expansion
  • Up to 32GB of PC5200 DDR2 Memory per server node, 4GB (2x2GB) as standard
  • 12.3Terraflop/s peak compute capacity in a single 42U rack

Management

  • Embedded iLO2 Blade Edition per server node for remote management
  • Embedded per server node power management and power capping enabled through iLO Select
  • HP Insight Control Environment for HP BladeSystem provides comprehensive system health, remote control, Operating System deployment, power management, vulnerability scanning and patch management in an easy to install software suite

Density

  • Up to 32 server nodes per c7000 enclosure, 16 server nodes per c3000 enclosure
  • Up to 128 Server Nodes per 42U rack
  • Up to 1024 cores and 4TB of RAM per 42u rack

Note that this server blade under analysis was not configured with CPUs, DIMM memory cards or storage drives and therefore were left out of the bill of materials (BOM).

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade Main ImageHP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade Main Image

Target Market

Enterprise users.

Released

c-Class portfolio of server blades (specifically the BL2x220c G5 was) announced in May 2008 for immediate availability.

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper Top Functional Area DiagramHP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper Top Functional Area Diagram

Pricing and Availability

Pricing - Will vary based on configuration. However, for the configuration we received (with no CPUs, Memory nor drives included), there are no pricing available from HP. The closest proxy for this particular configuration would be the base model with one CPU per motherboard and minimal memory configuration. In that case, the server blade cost approximately $6300 at the time of writing (Jan 2009).

Availability - Assumed to have global availability.

Volume Estimations

For the purposes of this teardown analysis, we have assumed a lifetime production volume of 150K units.

As a reminder, teardown volume production assumptions are primarily used for our cost analysis in terms of amortized NRE and tooling costs, especially for custom components specific to the model being analyzed (mechanical components especially). Unless assumed volumes are different by an order of magnitude, minor changes in volume (say 1 million vs. 2) rarely have a large net effect on our final analysis because of this.

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper TopHP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper Top

Market / Sector Performance

iSuppli expects strong unit shipment growth overall in the server area for the foreseeable future according to a recent topical report, with combined worldwide sales approaching 8.6 million units in 2007 (growing 8.4% to roughly 9.3 million in 2008, or a CAGR of 7.4% from 2006 to 2011 for the whole server market). Specifically for blade servers, iSuppli projects that this category will grow at a significantly faster CAGR of 31.5% from 2006 to 2011 spurn on by the popularity of server virtualization technologies as well as the overall form factor efficiencies of the blade server format.

According to an iSuppli topical paper titled ""Blade Servers and Virtualization Overview - Q3 2008", HP leads in blade server shipments in 2007 with 43.6% (up from 39.3% in 2006) overtaking IBM at 38.3% market share. Dell rounds out the 3rd spot with 9.5% market share.

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade Cost AnalysisHP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade Cost Analysis

Cost Notes

Major Cost Drivers (Representing ~67% of Total Direct Materials Costs)

Intel - QG5100MCHSLARL - Northbridge - Memory Controller Hub

Intel - QG5100MCHSLARL - Northbridge - Memory Controller Hub

Compeq - 14-Layer - FR4

Compeq - 16-Layer - FR4

Intel - NH82801IRSLA9N - Southbridge - I/O Controller Hub (ICH9)

Intel - NH82801IRSLA9N - Southbridge - I/O Controller Hub (ICH9)

Heatsink/Cooler Assembly - Stainless Steel Plate & Fins, w/ Metal Tubes, w/ Thermal Paste, & 4 Spring-Loaded Mounting Screws (Qty:2)

Enclosure, Main, Bottom - Stamped/Formed Metal, 7 Pieces, Swaged, Painted, w/ 6 Metal Pins, 4 Threaded Metal Inserts, & 3-Piece Spring-Loaded Locking Mechanism w/ Die-Cast Release Handle

Lattice Semiconductor - LCMX01200C-3FTN256C - PLD - 1200 LUT's, 211 I/O's, 6.25Kb RAM, 1 PLL, 1.2/1.8/2.5/3.3V (Qty:2)

Lattice Semiconductor - LCMX01200C-3FTN256C - PLD - 1200 LUT's, 211 I/O's, 6.25Kb RAM, 1 PLL, 1.2/1.8/2.5/3.3V (Qty:2)

AMD - ES1000 - GPU - 2D, 200MHz Core, 32-Bit 33/66MHz PCI 2.2, 16-Bit 256MB DDR-II SDRAM Support, Dual CRT Support

AMD - ES1000 - GPU - 2D, 200MHz Core, 32-Bit 33/66MHz PCI 2.2, 16-Bit 256MB DDR-II SDRAM Support, Dual CRT Support

HP - 353821-504 - Lights-Out Management Processor

HP - 353821-504 - Lights-Out Management Processor

Broadcom - BCM5715SKPBG - Ethernet Controller

Broadcom - BCM5715SKPBG - Ethernet Controller

FCI - 10054783-001 - Mezzanine Board to Board Header - Vertical, High Profile

Tyco - 6-1761614-0 - Mezzanine Board to Board Header - Vertical

Foxconn - CPU Socket - LGA771, w/ Shepherd Hook Lever (Qty:2)

Tyco - CPU Socket - LGA771, w/ Shepherd Hook Lever (Qty:2)

Materials and Manufacturing $439.74

What Is Not Included in our Cost Analysis

The total materials and manufacturing costs reported in this analysis reflect ONLY the direct materials cost (from component vendors and assorted EMS providers), AND manufacturing with basic test. Not included in this analysis are costs above and beyond the material manufacture of the core device itself - cost of intellectual property, royalties and licensing fees (those not already included into the per component price), software, software loading and test, shipping, logistics marketing and other channel costs including not only EMS provider and the OEM's margin, but that of other resellers. Our cost analysis is meant to focus on those costs incurred in the manufacture of the core device and exceptionally in some circumstances the packaging and literature as well.

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper Top (Cont.)HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper Top (Cont.)

Manufacturing Notes

OEM/ODM/EMS Relationships / Manufacturing

Per iSuppli's own Global OEM Manufacturing and Design Analysis (GOMDA) report (Q2, 2008) HP outsources nearly 80% of servers to EMS providers and ODMs (the latter representing nearly 60% of the HP server business overall). Most of HP servers outsourced to ODMs are to Inventec [with over 40% of overall share of servers shipped] and Flextronics. This unit claims, per it's labeling to be made in the US of foreign components - so this may still encompass the motherboard itself, which we are assuming is made in China for this analysis.

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper BottomHP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper Bottom

Country of Origin / Volume Assumptions

Based on OEM/ODM/EMS relationships, it is assumed that the HP server blade was manufactured in China. Furthermore, we have assumed that custom mechanicals (plastics, metals, etc. were also sourced in China.

Country of origin assumptions relate directly to the associated cost of manufacturing, where calculated by iSuppli. In the cases of 'finished' sub-assemblies (such as DIMM modules), we do not calculate internal manufacturing costs, but rather assess the market price of the finished product in which case country of origin assumptions may or may not have a direct effect on pricing.

Remember also that labor rates are applied directly only to hand inserted components and systems in our bill of materials, and although regional assumptions do, these new rates do not have a direct effect on our modeled calculations of placement costs for automated SMD assembly lines. ""Auto" inserted components (such as SMT components) placement costs are calculated by an iSuppli algorithm which allocates a cost per component based on the size and pin count of the device. This calculation is affected by country or region of origin as well.

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper Bottom Functional Area DiagramHP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Motherboard Upper Bottom Functional Area Diagram


Design for Manufacturing / Device Complexity

The HP ProLiant BL2x220c blade server has an overall component count of 5434 excluding box contents (226 of which are mechanical in nature). This component level places the BL2x220c server blade on par with other - more mid range server blades - such as the BL460c and 465c previously analyzed by iSuppli.

Component counts have a direct bearing on the overall manufacturing cycle times and costs, and also can increase or decrease overall yields and re-work. Our calculations of manufacturing costs factor counts and more qualitative complexities in the design.

Note that manual labor has a much smaller effect on auto-insertion assembly lines (for the Main PCB, for example), where manufacturing costs are much more capital equipment intensive and driven by these investment costs.

Design Notes

Here is a summary of the major subsystems and components in the HP ProLiant BL2x220c server blade:

Per each Motherboard (total of 2)

Chipset

  • Northbridge - Memory Controller Hub - Intel - QG5100MCHSLARL
  • Southbridge - I/O Controller Hub - Intel - NH82801IRSLA9N

I/O

  • Ethernet Controller - Broadcom - BCM5715SKPBG
  • GPU - AMD - ES1000
  • Lights-Out Management Processor - HP - 353821-504
  • I/O Controller - SMSC - SCH4307-NS

Glue Logic

  • PLD - Lattice Semiconductor - LCMX01200C-3FTN256C

Memory

  • SDRAM - ESMT - M12L128324A-7TG
  • SDRAM - Micron Technology - MT47H32M16BN-37E

"

HP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Enclosure DisassemblyHP ProLiant BL2x220c G5 Server Blade - Enclosure Disassembly



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