Overview / Main Features
The Motorola DCX3200-M set top box under analysis here is the single QAM tuner model of Motorola's flagship DCX series all-digital MPEG-4 AVC set top boxes featuring M-Card conditional access module (or CAM). The DCX3200-M also comes with multi-room broadcast via the use of the MoCA technology standard (networking over coaxial cable to other MoCA enabled set top boxes). High Definition outputs via IEEE1394, Component and HDMI while Standard Definition outputs via Composite, S-Video as well as RF. Inputs include USB, Serial as well as Ethernet.
North American cable service operators
Release and Availability
Per press releases, originally announced in January 2008 and released soon thereafter.
Pricing for this kind of product (at the consumer level) is typically meaningless as it is a completely subsidized part of a service package. Cable set-top boxes are typically rented out to subscribers on a monthly schedule in accordance with the service contract which varies region to region within the North American market. Since the device cannot function without being properly set-up by a service provider, after-market product and prices have no validity.
For the purposes of this teardown analysis, we have assumed a lifetime production volume of 1M units.
As a reminder, teardown volume production assumptions are primarily used for our cost analysis in terms of amortized NRE and tooling costs, especially for custom components specific to the model being analyzed (mechanical components especially). Unless assumed, volumes increment by an order of magnitude. Minor changes in volume (say 1 million vs. 2) rarely have a large net effect on our final analysis.
Main Cost Drivers Representing ~70% of Total Materials Costs
Broadcom - BCM7405DGKFEBA01G - HD Digital Video/Audio Solution - SoC, MPEG-4/VC-1/MPEG-2/AVS, For Satellite, IP, Cable STBs with Picture-in-Picture
Multi-Stream Cable Card Value Line Item
Unimicron Technology - 6-Layer - FR4
Broadcom - BCM3252KPBG - Front End - Single Chip, Dual Channel, DOCSIS/EuroDOCSIS 2.0+, 3 QAM Demodulators, Ethernet MAC & PHY, w/ Channel Bonding
Entropic Communications - EN2210-BG2 - Coaxial Network Controller - MoCA 1.0, Integrated c.LINK MAC/PHY
Liteon - PB-1320-01A-ROHS - AC Adapter - Input: 100-127V, 60Hz, 0.8A, Output: 12V, 2.67A (32W)
Spansion - S29GL512P11FFI02 - Flash - NOR, 512Mb, 3V, 110ns, 90nm
Hynix - H5PS5162FFR-S5C - SDRAM - DDR2, 512Mb (32M x 16), 1.8V (Qty:4)
Texas Instruments - TSB43DA42AGHC - Microcontroller - Single Chip Solution for IEEE1394a Link-Layer, w/ Integrated 2-Port PHY
Anadigics - AIT1032 - Tuner - Hybrid Analog / Digital, 1GHz Bandwidth, w/ RF/IF Gain Control (Qty:2)
Total BOM Cost $112.89
What Is Not Included in our Cost Analysis
The total materials and manufacturing costs reported in this analysis reflect ONLY the direct materials cost (from component vendors and assorted EMS providers), AND manufacturing with basic test. Not included in this analysis are costs above and beyond the material manufacture of the core device itself - cost of intellectual property, royalties and licensing fees (those not already included into the per component price), software, software loading and test, shipping, logistics marketing and other channel costs including not only EMS provider and the OEM's margin, but that of other resellers. Our cost analysis is meant to focus on those costs incurred in the manufacture of the core device and exceptionally in some circumstances the packaging and literature as well.
Country of Origin / Volume Assumptions
Based on markings, the unit was assembled in Taiwan. Furthermore, we have assumed that custom mechanicals (plastics, metals, etc.) were sourced in lower cost regions within mainland China.
Country of origin assumptions relate directly to the associated cost of manufacturing, where calculated by iSuppli. In the cases of 'finished' sub-assemblies (such as hard drive), we do not calculate internal manufacturing costs, but rather assess the market price of the finished product in which case country of origin assumptions may or may not have a direct effect on pricing.
Remember also that labor rates are applied directly only to hand inserted components and systems in our bill of materials, and although regional assumptions do, these new rates do not have a direct effect on our modeled calculations of placement costs for automated SMD assembly lines. "Auto inserted components (such as SMT components) placement costs are calculated by an iSuppli algorithm which allocates a cost per component based on the size and pin-count of the device. This calculation is affected by country or region of origin as well.
Design for Manufacturing / Device Complexity
The DCX3200-M has an overall component count of 1563 (excluding box contents), of which 1396 of that total component count is from the Main PCB.
Component counts have a direct bearing on the overall manufacturing cycle times and costs, and also can increase or decrease overall yields and re-work. Our calculations of manufacturing costs factor counts and more qualitative complexities in the design. The cost of manufacturing is also, to some extent, decreased in this case because of assumed labor rate applied for China.
Note that manual labor has a much smaller effect on auto-insertion assembly lines (for the Main PCB, for example), where manufacturing costs are much more capital equipment intensive and driven by these investment costs.
Like most QAM set top boxes on the market, the Motorola DCX3200-M is primarily a Broadcom design. At the Front End of the set top, we find the Broadcom BCM3252 single chip DOCSIS 2.0 IC. The back end video decoding is handled by a BCM7405 HD Digital Video/Audio solution. Entropic Communications provides a chipset for MoCA-based networking featuring both the EN2210-BG2 controller and EN1010C1 front end interface. TI maintains the IEEE1394 microcontroller slot for this legacy output port and a combination of Hynix and Spansion provides the memory solutions.
Here is a summary of the major components used in the Motorola DCX3200-M design:
- HD Digital Video/Audio Solution - Broadcom - BCM7405DGKFEBA01G
- Front End IC - Broadcom - BCM3252KPBG
- Coaxial Network Controller - Entropic Communications - EN2210-BG2
I/O & Interface
- Microcontroller - Texas Instruments - TSB43DA42AGHC
- Tuner - Anadigics - AIT1032 (Qty. 2)
- Coaxial Network Interface - Entropic Communications - EN1010C1
- SDRAM -Hynix - H5PS5162FFR-S5C, DDR2, 512Mb (32M x 16), 1.8V (Qty. 4)
- SDRAM - Hynix - HY5DU561622FTP-D43, DDR, 256Mb (16M x 16), 2.5V
- Flash - Spansion - S29GL512P11FFI02, NOR, 512Mb, 3V, 110ns, 90nm